In 1887, King Kalakaua signs a new Constitution for the Kingdom of Hawaii…

GeckoLike a lei floating on the surface of the sea, a young chain of islands, the pearls of the Pacific, came to grace the middle of the ocean. Rising up from the depths to become the world’s tallest mountains, the Hawaiian Islands with a warm tropical climate and soft flowing trade winds became a unique natural environment for plants, animals and finally human culture.

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This is our story, this is the story of Hawai’i….

Unhappy with the rule of King Kalakaua and his premier, Walter Murray Gibson, the leaders of the Reform Party of the Hawaiian Kingdom demanded that the king to adopt a new constitution.

On July 1, Kalakaua asked his entire cabinet, including Gibson, to resign and by July 6, his new cabinet – William Green, Godfrey Brown, Lorrin Thurston and Clarence Ashford – had a new constitution drawn up to their liking. After a day spent haggling and arguing over the changes, Kalakaua, under threat of force, signed the document initiating a transfer of power to American, European and native Hawaiian elites and reduced him to a figurehead. The 1887 Constitution made important revisions to the constitution of 1864. The constitution replaced the absolute veto allowed to the king to one that two-thirds of the legislature of the Hawaiian Kingdom could override. It took away the power of the king to act without consent of his cabinet, and gave the legislature, the power to dismiss the cabinet instead of the king. It also removed language from the 1864 constitution implying that the king was above the law. The cabinet was now allowed to vote in the legislature, but to reduce the king’s influence, he was not allowed to appoint legislators to any other government post.

The constitution also removed the monarch’s power to appoint members of the House of Nobles, instead making it a body elected to six-year terms and enlarging it to 40 members. The 1887 constitution made significant changes to voting requirements. It allowed foreign resident aliens to vote, not just naturalized citizens. Asians, including subjects who previously enjoyed the right to vote, were specifically denied suffrage. Only Hawaiian, American, and European males were granted full voting rights if they met the economic and literacy thresholds.

Lorrin A. Thurston, one of the perpetrators of the new constitution, admitted the document was signed by Kalakaua under shady circumstances. Writing later, he said, “Unquestionably the constitution was not in accordance with law; neither was the Declaration of Independence from Great Britain. Both were revolutionary documents, which had to be forcibly effected and forcibly maintained.”

Discover all of the history and lore of the Big Island at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                   Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review

 

 

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Friday Funnies…

Grandma

Experience all the fun at Botanical World…

 Botanical World Adventures                         Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Write a review

 

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Experience Our Arboretum…

arboretum

Across from the Rainbow Walk is the Arboretum. This section is bordered by a twin row of gigantic “Cook Island Pines”, so named for the islands discovered on Captain Cook’s voyages. a driveway lined with majestic Royal Palms and the Hanapueo Stream. It covers several acres and includes large numbers of specimens, especially trees that produce flowers, fruits and nuts. These include abiu, several species of bananas, Brazilian cherries, breadfruit, cashew, cinnamon, citrus, jack fruit, longan, lychee, macadamia, miracle fruit, ohia, palms of many types, papaya, paradise nuts, and sapote to name just a few.

Bird of paradise, bougainvillea, gingers, heliconias, hibiscus, orchids, plumeria and many other plants bloom throughout the arboretum.

Large areas of grass and hand-decorated tables set in amongst the trees allow you to relax and enjoy views of the gardens or the ocean while eating your picnic lunch or just relaxing on the greensward. During the winter, you can watch humpback whales playing in the ocean while you enjoy your picnic. 

Experience all the beauty of the Big Island at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open Daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE or call:

808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

 or

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Did You Know…?

Coconut Palm

Cocos nucifera

The coconut is distributed around the world in the tropics, but is thought to have originated in Polynesia. Nuts floating in the ocean currents, or brought to Islands by ancient sea-farers of long ago, colonized the Islands in the tropical Pacific. The coconut was a staple for both food and drink for the inhabitants of the Islands, and also provided oil, wood, and fiber, as well as leaves for weaving and thatch for roofing.

This particular variety of coconut palm is called the Samoan Dwarf Coconut. Although it grows as tall as any other coconut, it begins to flower and produce coconuts when its trunk is less than 10 feet in length (sometimes even 3 feet), and so the nuts are easier to harvest for a refreshing drink.

The inflorescence produces relatively few female flowers at the base of its branches, while male flowers are produced abundantly along most of the more distal portions of the branches of the inflorescence. This pattern of flower production in which there are separate male and female flowers produced on the same plant is referred to as being “monoecious”. Another familiar example of a monoecious plant would be corn, with the male flowers in the tassel and the female flowers being in the ear, but both being on the same plant.

The coconut will not sprout while it is moving about in the water, but, upon becoming motionless on the beach, it will sprout. The shoot emerges from the soft “eye” that can be seen on a dehusked nut, which is located at the same end of the coconut as was attached to the inflorescence. The husk does not have to be removed from the coconut for it to be able to sprout. The plants are obviously extremely salt-tolerant, growing right on the beach.

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World…

 

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE or call:

808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

or

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Let yourself go…

Zip-Isle

Come enjoy Zip Isle Zip Line Adventures at Botanical World on the Hamakua Coast just a few minutes from Hilo. We are open every day of the week, every week of the year for your enjoyment!

With Zip Isle, guests can have a complete Hawaiian Eco Tour Adventure. Combined with the many other features of the World Botanical Gardens and Waterfalls that are included in your admission, you get the best of the Big Island experience in one location.

You will experience the thrill of a lifetime but still have time to see the other unique features of the Big Island including views of the volcano, waterfalls, whales (in winter), the rain forest and other nearby wonders that await you.

Before or after you go zipping, you can view beautiful Kamaee Falls and walk through acres of lush tropical gardens. Non-zipping family members can stroll through our Rainforest Trail and watch you zip while they experience the beauty of the tropical landscape. Young and old alike can enjoy strolling through the world’s second largest Herbaceous Maze.

Experience all the fun at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                   Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                   Have you visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                      Why not Write a review?

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE or call:

808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

 or

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In 1886, The Great Chinatown fire…

GeckoLike a lei floating on the surface of the sea, a young chain of islands, the pearls of the Pacific, came to grace the middle of the ocean. Rising up from the depths to become the world’s tallest mountains, the Hawaiian Islands with a warm tropical climate and soft flowing trade winds became a unique natural environment for plants, animals and finally human culture.

. 

This is our story, this is the story of Hawai’i….

By the 1880’s, Honolulu’s well-heeled families were leaving their homes and estates in the downtown and harbor areas to relocate on the city outskirts. The depressed city blocks around Nu`uanu Avenue and Maunakea Streets were left to Chinese laborers wanting to exchange plantation work for urban living. Chinatown – never planned or laid out in an organized way – was a dense matrix of wooden buildings, narrow dirt streets and hidden alleyways. In 1886, a fire began at a restaurant and quickly burned out of control, spreading to buildings nearby:

A Chinese lottery was supposedly being conducted, and one of the gamblers, claiming that cheating was going on, snatched the raffle tickets and thrust them into the fire. Another pulled them out, and in the scramble that ensued the wall-paper became ignited, and due to its flimsy construction, the building was soon a mass of flames. Buildings were erected extremely close together, and the fire quickly spread in all directions.

The flames burned for three days and many in the community – including King Kalakaua – worked to fight the blaze. By the time it was put out, the fire had destroyed eight blocks, including 7,000 Chinese and 350 Hawaiian homes, and causing $1,500,000 in damage (most suffered by Chinese residents and businesses). Chinatown quickly rebuilt itself but unfortunately much of the rebuilding ignored new regulations designed to prevent future fires. The area remained cramped and congested.

Discover all of the history and lore of the Big Island at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                   Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review

 

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE or call:

808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

 or

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Did You Know…?

Crown-of-thorns

Euphorbia milii.

The common name of this plant would suggest that this plant was used to make the crown of thorns for Christ when they crucified him. While this may have been the case, the crown was more likely made from a species of thorny acacia. Regardless, the prominent thorns covering the stems of this plant are one of its interesting features, as are its attractive pink-red “flowers” (cyathia), which are produced most abundantly when the plant is grown in full sun. If the stems are injured in any way, a white milky juice (latex) is exuded from the injury for a minute or so. This juice has the potential to irritate the skin of a few very sensitive individuals, so the plant is best handled with caution.

The Crown of Thorns will root from stem cuttings, but the cut surface must be allowed to “cure” in the open air for several weeks before it can be inserted into barely moist rooting media, or else it will rot. If the plants are grown under continuously moist conditions such as prevail locally, it bears leaves throughout the year. However, if there is a pronounced dry season, the leaves will be shed and the plants will go dormant until the rains return. 

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World…

 

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE or call:

808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

or

Visit BotanicalWorld.com