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Pritchardia pacifica

Hawaiian name Sakiki . Although originating in the south eastern Pacific (Fiji) Islands, it was considered a favorite palm by the indigenous people, and so its seeds were dispersed throughout Polynesia, and were also brought to Hawaii by the early navigators. Its broad fan-shaped leaves could provide quick shelter from a sudden rain shower, and shade from the hot tropical sun.

According to the National Tropical Botanical Garden’s website, some 23 other species of Pritchardia are endemic to Hawaii, which means they originated in Hawaii. Many of these are either extinct or ndangered in the wild because their seeds are eaten by rats.

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31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

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Sabal palmetto

This palm is the state tree of both Florida and of South Carolina. It has a fan type of leaf, and it is not self-cleaning. The pruned leaf base stubs are called “boots”, and they are arranged spirally around the trunk, and, in a well-pruned specimen, are attractive to the eye.

They are fairly easy to transplant, so long as they have a trunk of at least 5 feet, in which much water is stored and used by the plant in re-establishing its root system. They are used extensively in landscaping projects in the south eastern USA, as they are tolerant of the below-freezing temperatures there in the winter months.

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

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This tree is probably best known for its very fragrant flowers, from which several essential oils are distilled, and from which several perfumes are made—the most notable being Chanel No. 5.

The flowers are rather strange-looking, compared to most flowers. There are 6 “petals” per flower. Actually, 3 are sepals that resemble the petals they enclose when the floral bud has not opened. These, together with the 3 true petals, are called “tepals”. They are typically yellow in color and are about 2 inches long, being about 3/8 inch wide at the flower center and gradually tapering to a point. When the flowers first open they resemble a 6-pointed star, but the tepals gradually lose their turgidity, becoming somewhat coiled and flaccid with age.

If pollination occurs, a cluster of shiny, oval, black drupes each about as big as an olive is produced, and these serve as an important component in the diet of certain bird species in southeast Asia. The oils distilled from the tepals are also used in aromatherapy and in certain medicinal applications. The fragrance of the flowers is most intense at night.

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Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

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This Asian tree can be seen growing in the grassy area located towards the beach-facing side of the Joy Perfume Tree. It produces the largest tree-fruit in the world— sometimes exceeding 50 pounds. It is related to the Breadfruit, but it is not eaten until it is ripe.

The fruit tastes like Juicy Fruit Gum, which is not a coincidence, because the original flavor for the gum was obtained from the Jackfruit. There is a considerable amount of sticky latex in the Jackfruit, and it is almost impossible to wash off with soap and water. However, the sticky latex can be removed by rubbing the sticky area with butter or vegetable oil until it has dissolved into the oil, and then washing in warm, soapy water. Like Pineapples, the Jackfruit is a “multiple fruit”, being composed of dozens of individual fruitlets that are fused together into one big composite structure we call a Jackfruit. You need a knife to cut the jackfruit open to expose the fragrant, sweet, yellow to pinkish fruitlets inside. Each fruitlet contains a fairly large seed, which can be roasted or boiled and eaten (minus its thin “shell”), tasting like boiled peanuts

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

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Magnolia x alba

This large, fast-growing tree is a hybrid plant, not found in the wild. It is a cross between Magnolia montana and Magnolia alba. The tree flowers bloom during spring and fall, and blooms most heavily during the summer months. The leaves of the joy perfume tree grow up to about 14 inches long. The flowers are narrow-petaled and about 2.6 inches in length. Scarlet or brown seeds cluster along a long stalk. The flowers are very fragrant at night and only a little less so during the daytime. Each flower may last only a day or two before its petals fall to the ground—at times almost covering it. It is a large, fast growing tree. 

The essential oils taken from the strong-scented flowers of the joy perfume tree have been used as ingredients in Joy, one of the world’s most expensive perfumes, as well as in other perfumes. The joy perfume tree is also a source of timber, fuel, yellow dye, and traditional medicine. The tree’s wood is used for making boats, drums, and religious engravings. In India, however, where the tree is revered, it is rarely cut and can be found on the premises of Hindu temples. The tree is grown as an ornamental in several parts of the world. 

A related species, Michelia compressa, is a 40-foot- tall tree native to Japan that has 2-inch-wide fragrant yellow flowers.

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31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

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Pereskia bleo

The Leaf Cactus is unusual because it is a cactus that bears broad, succulent dark green leaves. The leaves are arranged alternately on the branches and are distinctly stalked with petioles up to 3 cm long. The leaf blade is 6 to 20 centimeters long and 2 to 7 cm wide, elliptic to oblong or lanceolate in shape. The five nerved leaf blades have four to six, often fork-shaped, side lobes. You can tell that it is a cactus because it produces the numerous sharp thorns characteristic of cactus plants in the desert. The thorns are either parallel in bundles or spread widely out. Long thorns on the branches are up to five to ten mm long. Along the main shoots there are up to 40 spines per areole, each 2 cm long.

Its flowers are yellow-orange, and it is somewhat triangular, berry-like fruits are yellow when ripe, and are edible, although they are not very flavorful, at least with this specimen. Incidentally, Cacti are native to the New World, while the cactus-like-in appearance Euphorbias are native to Africa (the Old World).

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31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

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Cocos nucifera

The coconut is distributed around the world in the tropics, but is thought to have originated in Polynesia. Nuts floating in the ocean currents, or brought to Islands by ancient sea-farers of long ago, colonized the Islands in the tropical Pacific. The coconut was a staple for both food and drink for the inhabitants of the Islands, and also provided oil, wood, and fiber, as well as leaves for weaving and thatch for roofing.

This particular variety of coconut palm is called the Samoan Dwarf Coconut. Although it grows as tall as any other coconut, it begins to flower and produce coconuts when its trunk is less than 10 feet in length (sometimes even 3 feet), and so the nuts are easier to harvest for a refreshing drink.

The inflorescence produces relatively few female flowers at the base of its branches, while male flowers are produced abundantly along most of the more distal portions of the branches of the inflorescence. This pattern of flower production in which there are separate male and female flowers produced on the same plant is referred to as being “monoecious”. Another familiar example of a monoecious plant would be corn, with the male flowers in the tassel and the female flowers being in the ear, but both being on the same plant.

The coconut will not sprout while it is moving about in the water, but, upon becoming motionless on the beach, it will sprout. The shoot emerges from the soft “eye” that can be seen on a dehusked nut, which is located at the same end of the coconut as was attached to the inflorescence. The husk does not have to be removed from the coconut for it to be able to sprout. The plants are obviously extremely salt-tolerant, growing right on the beach. 

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE

Or call: 808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

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