Did You Know…?

Petrea volubilis

The name Petrea was given to commemorate the name of Lord Petre, who, in the 18th Century, became famous for his wonderful collection of exotic plants. Volubilis means “twining.” One of the common names “Fleur de Dieu” means “Flower of God”, another – “Sandpaper Vine” – refers to the rough leaves.

The Purple Wreath was introduced from tropical America to other tropical areas many years ago and has always been popular as a garden shrub. Widely grown throughout Caribbean, and variously in the tropics and subtropics, it is cultivated as landscape specimen in Dominican homes, especially on the Atlantic Coast.

Petrea is used usually a climber, but sometimes also over a support where it is encouraged to twine around its own branches. Without support this twining vine grows into a rounded shrub. It also makes a terrific container patio plant, and is well suited for hanging baskets.

According to indigenous legends, flowers of Petrea were used by Caribs in folk medicine.

This is a charming flower to cut for the house but it will be found that, if the woody stem is cut, the blooms will rapidly droop and die. If, however, the flower-sprays only are cut and arranged in a shallow bowl, they will remain fresh for several days.

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31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

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Did You Know…?

Pandanus utilis. 

There are close to 600 species of Pandanus, according to the University of Hawaii agricultural plant website. The Garden also features a non-thorny, variegated variety of Pandanus utilis. The Hawaiian people utilized Hala in several ways. Various mats and baskets were woven of its leaves (after the sharp edges of the leaves were carefully removed), and sometimes Hula skirts were made with numerous strands of the leaves. When there was not much else to eat, nourishment could be obtained by chewing on the basal portion of the fruit “keys” when ripe. When the flesh is removed (either by being eaten or by rotting off), the basal ends of the fruit segments resemble a shaving brush or stubby paint-brush. The Hawaiians used them for applying pigments to their tapa cloths.

With the variety seen on the Rainbow Walk, both edges and the midrib of the long, dark green leaves (Lau Hala) are lined with a row of stiff, sharp spines. The leaves are arranged spirally along the outer ends of the thick, round, multiple branches. At the base of the branches, numerous 2-inch diameter prop roots grow downwards, taking root when they reach the ground. In addition to supporting the heavy, spreading shoot system of the plant, the prop roots also absorb water and minerals from the soil. If one plants a flesh free fruit that hasn’t completely dried up, up to 6 small Hala plants can sprout. The small seedlings should be separated once they have produced more than 3 or 4 green leaves.

The English common name of the plant comes from two distinctive characteristics of it–the helical/screw-thread leaf arrangement and the pineapple-resembling fruits—thus Screw-Pine..

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31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

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Did You Know…?

Congea tomentosa.

In the Rainbow garden across the path (left) from the Cinnamon Tree one can see a large, vigorous vine as it twines around whatever it can find to climb on. It is almost always in bloom, with thousands of pink “flowers”. Close inspection will reveal that the four pink “petals” are actually pink-colored bracts that surround the usually five very small true flowers in the center. Thus what appears to be a pink-petaled flower is actually a small inflorescence. After several weeks of color, the bracts fade and the inflorescence falls from the plant in an interesting way. The four dry bracts act like miniature helicopter blades, and the whole small inflorescense slowly twirls its way down to earth, drifting away from the mother plant in the breeze. Thus this is the mechanism for seed dispersal by this plant.

 

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

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Did You Know…?

Sansevieria trifasciata..

This plant is familiar to many people as a very durable house-plant, in that it tolerates low light intensities and dry conditions, with the most serious threat to its health being over-watering.

Some say that it is called Mother-in-Law’s Tongue because of its sharp leaf tip; to that might be added, it is hard to get rid of once you have it. The variety with the yellow leaf margins is called ‘Laurentii’. It can only be propagated by dividing its rhizome, while the common variety mottled green and silvery white can also be propagated by making leaf cuttings. There are many other varieties of Sansevieria available as house-plants. In Africa the long leaves are used as a fiber source.

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31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

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Did You Know…?

Cycas revoluta and Cycas circinalis

Cycads are included in avery ancient order of plants, being found in the fossil record that pre-dates the flowering plants, or more than 250million years ago. They are either male or female and produce characteristic male or female “cones”.

The King Sago is native to Japan, where individual specimens have been maintained in special gardens for over 1,500 years. The seeds are covered with a leathery, yellow-orange outer seed coat (aril) that contains certain chemicals (cardiac glycosides) that can, if absorbed through the skin or eaten, can cause the heart to stop beating, hence should be handled only with gloved hands. The trunk of the King Sago is armed with very sharp spines at the base of each leaf, and great care should be taken when pruning off dead leaves to avoid being stabbed by them. The Queen Sago does not have the same reputation as the King Sago as far as seed toxicity and spinyness are concerned, although the short, basal leaflets of the Queen Sago are very stiff and rather sharp. Both species produce small plantlets that sprout from rounded structures called “pups” produced at the base of the plant and along its trunk. These can be pried off and planted in a protected place and will grow into new plants.

Both species grow best in full sun, but will tolerate moderately shaded locations. The Queen Sago is used extensively in south Florida for landscaping, as it grows fairly rapidly and is larger in size than the slower growing King Sago.

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Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

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Did You Know…?

Cinnamomum zeylanicum

Other members of this plant Family include the Avocado and the Bay Leaf Tree. Cinnamon is made from grinding up dried bark strips taken from mature, green stems that are cut from the tree. One can also buy “stick cinnamon” in a box; you can see how these “sticks” are just dried bark rolls removed from the stems. Cinnamon oil is distilled from bark stripped from 2 -3 year-old stems.

Cinnamon was part of the valuable spice trade that ran from east Africa into Europe in biblical times.

The tree produces distinctive, shiny, 6-inch long, medium-green leaves that appear to droop downwards. The new shoot growth appears wilted as the leaves enlarge and usually has a reddish tint that fades as it matures. The leaves each contain three prominent veins (nerves) running from the leaf base to its tip. Trees require protection from windy conditions, as the leaves will become dry and die at their tips and margins if planted in exposed sites. The tree can attain a trunk diameter in excess of 6 feet and a height in excess of 50 feet.

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

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Did You Know…?

 

Codiaeum variegatum

The leaves of these tropical plants are typically brightly and strikingly colored in various hues of red, orange, yellow, green and almost black, and may be variously shaped.

Most varieties thrive in full sun, where they attain their brightest coloration, although many do well in rather shaded conditions. For this reason they are sometimes used as house-plants, but are most often seen as colorful highlights in the tropical landscape.

Crotons were “discovered” in New Guinea, by the Dutch East Indies Trading Company, and were brought to Holland and extensively hybridized by plant breeders there, to be sold as fancy plants to the well-to-do of society in the 18th century.

The plants are monoecious, producing both male inflorescences and separate female inflorescences on the same plant. They are intolerant of frost, and won’t thrive in areas where the temperatures drop below 50 F. The sap of the plant can badly stain clothing, but is not known for any irritating qualities to the skin. Cuttings are easily rooted in a humid chamber with subdued light and can also be easily air-layered in 8 to 10 weeks.

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE

Or call: 808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

Visit us at BotanicalWorld.com