Did You Know…?

Wild Plantain

Heliconia caribaea

The Wild Plantain is one of the largest species of Heliconia. Its large, upright, red inflorescence is composed mostly of large bracts; the greenish flowers barely protrude above the top edges of the surrounding bract. Rain water frequently collects in the trough portion of each bract. Once it was included in the Banana Family along with the Bird-of-Paradise Plant, but Heliconias are now in their own separate family, as is the case with the Bird-of-Paradise Plant.

Like the banana, though, each Heliconia shoot only produces one inflorescence, after which it dies back to the rhizome, to be replaced by a new leafy shoot that will bloom the following summer season. The inflorescence is quite showy and long-lived, hence it is frequently utilized in large-sized flower arrangements. Unfortunately, feral pigs will occasionally (especially during dry periods) eat the tender new shoots as they are sprouting from the rhizome.

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World… 

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

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Cassia grandis

Cassia grandis

This tree produces large clusters of pink five-petaled flowers on the current season’s growth. The flowers are followed by the production of large numbers of long (18 – 24 inches), cylindrical black pods about ¾ inch in diameter that mature during the winter season and litter the ground beneath the tree for several months. Inside each pod are a considerable number of easily separated dime-sized “wafers”, each containing a single light brown hard seed.

There is no shortage of seedling trees beneath the parent tree. Flowering is improved by moderate to heavy pruning, which results in the production of numerous long and vigorous flowering shoots. Regular pruning is also necessary to remove branches that die back due to heavy shading by branches growing above them. This species is one of the parents of the sterile hybrid “Rainbow Shower Tree” planted along portions of Kamahameha Drive in downtown Hilo.

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World… 

 

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE

Or call: 808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

Visit us at BotanicalWorld.com

 

 

Did You Know…?

Cassia grandis

Cassia grandis

This tree produces large clusters of pink five-petaled flowers on the current season’s growth. The flowers are followed by the production of large numbers of long (18 – 24 inches), cylindrical black pods about ¾ inch in diameter that mature during the winter season and litter the ground beneath the tree for several months. Inside each pod are a considerable number of easily separated dime-sized “wafers”, each containing a single light brown hard seed.

There is no shortage of seedling trees beneath the parent tree. Flowering is improved by moderate to heavy pruning, which results in the production of numerous long and vigorous flowering shoots. Regular pruning is also necessary to remove branches that die back due to heavy shading by branches growing above them. This species is one of the parents of the sterile hybrid “Rainbow Shower Tree” planted along portions of Kamahameha Drive in downtown Hilo.

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World… 

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE

Or call: 808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

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Did You Know…?

Spathoglottis unguiculata

 Spathoglottis unguiculata

This is considered to be a terrestrial orchid, because its roots grow in the soil, which is considered normal for the large majority of land plants, but not so typical of most orchid species. Thus, the majority of orchids in our Gardens are categorized as being epiphytic in regards where their roots thrive—growing on other plants (especially trees) or even on rocks—places with perfect drainage and extensive exposure to ambient atmospheric conditions, so that makes this variety an unusual one for our Garden.

This particular variety of orchid will grow well in a sunny location or in a partially shaded one, and blooms for much of the warm season. There are at least two other colors available for this species: pink and white. Another naturalized species of Spathoglottis grows wild on the Big Island and Oahu; it is known as the Philippine Ground Orchid.

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Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

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There are several different varieties, color wise, of this plant—pink, white, and red. The plants grow easily from seed and occasionally from root-suckers. They develop into large, spreading shrubs when left unpruned, but can be trained into spreading small to medium sized trees with regular pruning. They bloom most profusely during the warmer months of the year, but flowers can be found on most plants throughout the year.

To the casual observer, the globose “flower” resembles a “puff-ball” of colorful stamens that opens in the early morning and wilts down in the late afternoon. This whole structure is actually composed of many single flowers clustered tightly together in a spherical inflorescence on a single short stem or peduncle. Inflorescences set to open the next day resemble tiny round breadfruits, with each bump in the sphere being an individual flower bud.

Typically a pair of pods (legumes) develops from each inflorescence several weeks after the colorful stamens have fallen off. This pair of pods bears some resemblance to the ears of a jack-rabbit. When the pods are ripe and they dry out, they split open with each half of the pod curling outwards and away from the other half.

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World… 

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

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Did You Know…?

Arachis pintoi.

This close relative of the edible peanut was discovered relatively recently in Brazil in the 1950’s by the Brazilian botanist Geraldo Pinto. Although it does produce a very small peanut (not eaten) underground, the plant is best known as an excellent forage (eaten by grazing livestock) crop—especially so because it fixes nitrogen and is a perennial plant. It was released in Hawaii by the University as a multiple-use plant, as it is also an excellent ground-cover plant, which can be maintained less than 6 inches tall either by grazing or by mowing.

We use it in the Gardens as a soil-stabilizing, weed-controlling ground-cover plant. Its foliage covers the ground so densely that light-requiring weed seeds won’t sprout from beneath its cover. Its bright yellow (mainly summer) flowers contrast nicely with its emerald-green foliage. Fortunately, and importantly for us, it does not appear to be attractive to foraging feral pigs, unlike some other kinds of ground-cover plants.

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World… 

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE

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Did You Know…?

Gossypium barbadense – Cotton

Cotton played a major role in the early history of the USA, and is, even today, a very important agricultural crop in long-season growing regions of the world. This species of cotton originated in warmer parts of the Amazon Basin, but, upon its “discovery” by Europeans, was taken to Barbados to be grown as a fiber source before being disseminated to other cotton-growing areas, hence its species name. Since it is a woody plant, in the tropics it grows into a small tree. However, tree-sized cotton plants are rarely seen by most people from regions where it freezes in the winter.

The yellow, hibiscus-like flowers open in the early morning, and by early afternoon develop a pale pinkish tinge, and by evening they become dark pink and close, only to fall off the plant by the next morning. The developing fruit of the cotton plant is called a “boll”. One serious insect pest of cotton is called the “boll weevil”, and it nearly destroyed the industry in the USA before pesticides brought it under control. The boll on this species of cotton splits open into three sections, exposing the white cotton hairs that actually grow from the seeds embedded in the cotton.

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World… 

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE

Or call: 808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

Visit us at BotanicalWorld.com