A Description of the Battle of Kuamo‘o…

After travelling about two miles over this barren waste, we reached the place where, in the autumn of 1819, the decisive battle was fought between the forces of Rihoriho, the present king, and his cousin, Kekuaokalani, in which the latter was slain, his followers completely overthrown, and the cruel system of idolatry, which he took up arms to support, effectually destroyed. The natives pointed out to us the place where the king’s troops, led on by Karaimoku, were first attacked by the idolatrous party. We saw several small heaps of stones, which our guide informed us were the graves of those who, during the conflict, had fallen there. We were then shewn the spot on which the king’s troops formed a line from the sea-shore towards the mountains, and drove the opposing party before them to a rising ground, where a stone fence, about breast high, enabled the enemy to defend themselves for some time, but from which they were at length driven by a party of Karaimoku’s warriors. The small tumuli increased in number as we passed along, until we came to a place called Tuamoo. Here Kekuaokalani made his last stand, rallied his flying forces, and seemed, for a moment, to turn the scale of victory; but being weak with the loss of blood, from a wound he had received in the early part of the engagement, he fainted and fell. However, he soon revived, and, though unable to stand, sat on a fragment of lava, and twice loaded and fired his musket on the advancing party. He now received a ball in his left breast, and immediately covering his face with his feather cloak, expired in the midst of his friends. His wife Manona during the whole of the day fought by his side with steady and dauntless courage. A few moments after her husband’s death, perceiving Karaimoku and his sister advancing, she called out for quarter; but the words had hardly escaped from her lips, when she received a ball in her left temple, fell upon the lifeless body of her husband, and instantly expired. The idolaters having lost their chief, made but feeble resistance afterwards; yet the combat, which commenced in the forenoon, continued till near sunset, when the king’s troops, finding their enemies had all either fled or surrendered, returned to Kairua. (Ellis)

Discover all of the history and lore of the Big Island at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                   Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Write a review

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE

Or call: 808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

Visit us at BotanicalWorld.com

 

 (These are excerpts from a book by William Ellis that has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired.)

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Did You Know…?

Pandanus utilis. 

There are close to 600 species of Pandanus, according to the University of Hawaii agricultural plant website. The Garden also features a non-thorny, variegated variety of Pandanus utilis. The Hawaiian people utilized Hala in several ways. Various mats and baskets were woven of its leaves (after the sharp edges of the leaves were carefully removed), and sometimes Hula skirts were made with numerous strands of the leaves. When there was not much else to eat, nourishment could be obtained by chewing on the basal portion of the fruit “keys” when ripe. When the flesh is removed (either by being eaten or by rotting off), the basal ends of the fruit segments resemble a shaving brush or stubby paint-brush. The Hawaiians used them for applying pigments to their tapa cloths.

With the variety seen on the Rainbow Walk, both edges and the midrib of the long, dark green leaves (Lau Hala) are lined with a row of stiff, sharp spines. The leaves are arranged spirally along the outer ends of the thick, round, multiple branches. At the base of the branches, numerous 2-inch diameter prop roots grow downwards, taking root when they reach the ground. In addition to supporting the heavy, spreading shoot system of the plant, the prop roots also absorb water and minerals from the soil. If one plants a flesh free fruit that hasn’t completely dried up, up to 6 small Hala plants can sprout. The small seedlings should be separated once they have produced more than 3 or 4 green leaves.

The English common name of the plant comes from two distinctive characteristics of it–the helical/screw-thread leaf arrangement and the pineapple-resembling fruits—thus Screw-Pine..

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE

Or call: 808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

Visit us at BotanicalWorld.com

 

 

Experience Our Arboretum…

arboretum

Across from the Rainbow Walk is the Arboretum. This section is bordered by a twin row of gigantic “Cook Island Pines”, so named for the islands discovered on Captain Cook’s voyages. a driveway lined with majestic Royal Palms and the Hanapueo Stream. It covers several acres and includes large numbers of specimens, especially trees that produce flowers, fruits and nuts. These include abiu, several species of bananas, Brazilian cherries, breadfruit, cashew, cinnamon, citrus, jack fruit, longan, lychee, macadamia, miracle fruit, ohia, palms of many types, papaya, paradise nuts, and sapote to name just a few.

Bird of paradise, bougainvillea, gingers, heliconias, hibiscus, orchids, plumeria and many other plants bloom throughout the arboretum.

Large areas of grass and hand-decorated tables set in amongst the trees allow you to relax and enjoy views of the gardens or the ocean while eating your picnic lunch or just relaxing on the greensward. During the winter, you can watch humpback whales playing in the ocean while you enjoy your picnic. 

Experience all the beauty of the Big Island at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open Daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE or call:

808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

 or

Visit BotanicalWorld.com

 

July 11th is World Population Day…

World Population Day seeks to draw attention to issues related to a growing global population. The world’s population as of April 2016, is over 7.4 Billion. The world’s population is rapidly surging with birth rates on the rise and life expectancy increases. Over the last century, between 1916 and 2012, global life expectancy more than doubled from 34 to 70 years while world population has quintupled from 1.5 billion to 7.3 billion between 1900 and 2016.

In 1989, the United Nations designated July 11th as World Population Day in an effort to garner attention for population issues and crises such as displaced people, rights and needs of women and girls and population safety on a global level. With an ever-growing world population, World Population Day serves to highlight the challenges and opportunities of this growth and its impact on planet sustainability, heavy urbanization, availability of health care and youth empowerment.

Why not Experience your Holiday at Botanical World…

Why not Experience your Holiday at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                               Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                        Open Daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                        Have you visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                           Why not Write a review

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE or call:

808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

or

Visit BotanicalWorld.com

 

Let yourself go…

Zip-Isle

Come enjoy Zip Isle Zip Line Adventures at Botanical World on the Hamakua Coast just a few minutes from Hilo. We are open every day of the week, every week of the year for your enjoyment!

With Zip Isle, guests can have a complete Hawaiian Eco Tour Adventure. Combined with the many other features of the World Botanical Gardens and Waterfalls that are included in your admission, you get the best of the Big Island experience in one location.

You will experience the thrill of a lifetime but still have time to see the other unique features of the Big Island including views of the volcano, waterfalls, whales (in winter), the rain forest and other nearby wonders that await you.

Before or after you go zipping, you can view beautiful Kamaee Falls and walk through acres of lush tropical gardens. Non-zipping family members can stroll through our Rainforest Trail and watch you zip while they experience the beauty of the tropical landscape. Young and old alike can enjoy strolling through the world’s second largest Herbaceous Maze. 

Experience all the fun at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                   Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                   Have you visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                      Why not Write a review?

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE or call:

808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

 or

Visit BotanicalWorld.com

 

Kakuaokalani Prepares for War…

Kakuaokalani, though he had no share in the government, yet had, in common with the other high chiefs, received a charge concerning the gods. Urged on by the priests, who promised him victory by a superstitious reverence for the idols of his ancestors, and perhaps also by a hope of defeating Rihoriho, and securing the government to himself, he took up arms.

The abolition of idolatry by Rihoriho was thus the immediate occasion of the war, which terminating in his favour, left him sole monarch of the Sandwich Islands. This was the summit of his ambition, and the consummation of his wishes, though probably the least among the all-wise and benevolent purposes of Him, who ruleth all things after the counsel of his own will, and causeth even the wrath of man to praise him. Little did the pagan chief imagine, when he collected his forces, offered his sacrifices, and, preceded by his war-god, marched to the battle, that he was urging on his way to remove the most formidable barrier that existed to the introduction of a religion which should finally triumph over every system of idolatry in the world; and as hittle did the victorious chiefs, when they beheld themselves masters of the field, and returned in triumph to the king, think that success had only prepared the way for their own subjection to a peaceful Prince, whose heralds (then on their way) should soon proclaim his laws in their camp, and demand their allegiance to his crown;– whose divine power should erect among them a kingdom, of which they themselves should delight to become subjects, and commence a reign that should be everlasting.(Ellis)

Discover all of the history and lore of the Big Island at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                   Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Write a review

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE

Or call: 808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

Visit us at BotanicalWorld.com

 

 (These are excerpts from a book by William Ellis that has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired.)

Did You Know…?

Congea tomentosa.

In the Rainbow garden across the path (left) from the Cinnamon Tree one can see a large, vigorous vine as it twines around whatever it can find to climb on. It is almost always in bloom, with thousands of pink “flowers”. Close inspection will reveal that the four pink “petals” are actually pink-colored bracts that surround the usually five very small true flowers in the center. Thus what appears to be a pink-petaled flower is actually a small inflorescence. After several weeks of color, the bracts fade and the inflorescence falls from the plant in an interesting way. The four dry bracts act like miniature helicopter blades, and the whole small inflorescense slowly twirls its way down to earth, drifting away from the mother plant in the breeze. Thus this is the mechanism for seed dispersal by this plant.

 

Experience all the beauty of Hawai’i at Botanical World…

Botanical World Adventures                          Gardens, Waterfalls & Maze

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway                    Open daily – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710                                    Have you Visited us in the Past?

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19                       Why not Write a review?

 

For 24/7 Online Reservations Book your tour HERE

Or call: 808-963-5427 or Toll Free: 888-947-4753

Visit us at BotanicalWorld.com